What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
Dr. AAron T. Beck in the 1960s founded the Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as a means of treating mental illnesses.
Finding The Resources You Need To Beat Addiction
Overcoming addiction calls for many resources and people. You would be able to become sober and avoid the chances of a relapse by using inpatient and outpatient drug addiction treatment centres. In order to maintain the skills that are required along with the recovery you can get help from mental health counsellors.
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They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy is presently in use during the treatment of addictions. Getting in control of your thoughts and perception about life an addiction will help in overcoming this behaviours and this is something the patients are trained on at CBT.
Other mental health problems that can be addressed using this method include
- State of panic
- Various forms of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Various forms of bipolar disorder
- Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Eating disorders
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Works
CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.
It is the job of counsellors to help recovering addicts identify their negative feelings and actions, which are also known as "automatic thoughts." A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
Addicts find it easier to overcome their addiction when they begin to understand why they are acting or feeling in a certain manner and how their feelings and actions are leading them to the use of prohibited substances.
It has also been noticed that making an attempt to visit the painful memories it becomes possible for recovering addicts to reduce the pain which is caused by them. After that they can learn other, favourable behaviours that will replace those leading to drug or alcohol use.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
It is Automatic negative thoughts that are often the major cause of various depressions and anxiety disorders, which commonly occur together with addiction.
It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. There are three ways in which CBT can help recovering users deal with triggers according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
How Cbt Works In Helping Patients Overcome Addiction
- Aids the patient to take control of their life, rejecting past thoughts and beliefs that trigger low self-esteem and feelings of rejection.
- Using techniques that are bound to help the patient up boost moral.
- Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
- You need to recognise the things that make you start using the drugs.
- Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
- This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
- Cope With Triggers
- Using CBT techniques, examine and mitigate emotions and thoughts that provoke substance use.
Even when outside the treatment centre, you can still practice the methods learnt in CBT. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.
Examples of CBT techniques which are generally utilised in the treatment of addictions include the following
- Thought Records
- One way to overcome these behaviour is keeping in check your thoughts in order to avoid negative thinking.
- They write down of pros and cons of their automatic thoughts to compare and set up the former against the latter.
- This helps them eliminate the bad thoughts and stick with the good thoughts.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. In this case, CBT will help the person move from a mindset where they feel they need to drink to feel better about themselves to one where they see mistakes as a normal part of the learning process. I will have a chance to prove my worth to my supervisor by rectifying my mistake. I feel so much better with a clear mind; I can do without a drink."
- Behavioural Experiments
- These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
- It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
- These experiments are useful in finding out what causes an individual to improve their behaviour.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
- Creating Images In Your Mind
- Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
- This will involve assessing all the features such as feelings and the responses they had to that particular feeling.
- The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example A difficult childhood memory is the focus of a young man's thoughts. He reproduces every feeling and emotion which he experienced at that moment. The person will become less inclined to use drugs or alcohol because as they revisit the event more often, the trauma of the event is felt less.
- Comfortable Activity Plan
- This is a method used to reduce the monotony of routines by planning activities that are enjoyable and healthy at certain times.
- These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
- The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example It will be better for an overworked financial advisor to consider relaxing at his or her desk for 15 minutes every day, rather than indulging in drugs or alcohol on the job. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
How Cbt Or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Varies From Other Therapies
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy applies fruitful, action-focused techniques aimed at quick result. A number of 60 to 90-day rehabilitation programs also include CBT within the package to provide people an opportunity to learn instant coping techniques.
Certain psychoanalytic methods may take many years before showing any tangible results. In sharp contrast, CBT just requires 16 sessions before meaningful results can be seen.
CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. There are many addiction treatment clinics and professionals who incorporate CBT in their treatment programs.